Your ankles along with our feet take on a considerable workload each day. With each step you take there are tremendous forces due to our bodyweight that pass directly through the ankle. Therefore, if the ankle is injured or worst broken, there is a considerable amount of rehabilitation that has to take place to get your ankle back to its prior level of function.
Your ankle basically is constructed of three bones the Fibula, tibia, and the talus. Depending on where your fracture is located and, the type of fracture will determine the orthopedic care you receive and the amount of physical rehabilitation it will take to get your ankle strong and reliable again.
Physical rehabilitation initially will revolve around controlling the swelling and pain. Once you as the patient understand how to monitor this then you can proceed to range of motion activities These are generally started in the supine position to take weight off the ankle. Using exercises such as ankle pumps and ankle circumduction are used. These can easily be done by you but, initially help from the physical therapist may be required depending on how long your ankle has been immobilized.
Once You have acquired functional range of motion then, you can proceed to what is called closed kinetic chain exercises or, weight-bearing exercises. Exercises such as heel and toe raises are used along with activities such as stationary biking which is a non-weightbearing exercise help advance the strengthening process along with bringing blood and nutrients to the surrounding injured area for healing purposes.
Ankle proprioception is critical as well. Proprioception assists in your walking along with your standing balance. This activity is introduced as you advance in your rehabilitation. Using objects as such as a wobble board or air cushions help in developing the skills you need to not only regain your ankles balance skills but, also strengthen the multitude of smaller muscles that surround your ankle and make up the foot.
How fast you advance in your rehabilitation of course depends on the severity of the injury. Your orthopedic doctor along with the skills that your physical rehabilitation professional has will determine the pace that is set and how fast to bring you along.
Like all orthopedic rehabilitation however, patience and your compliance in following directions will be the key to your overall success.