Most women, statistically 9 out of 10, will suffer from a yeast infection in their lifetime. Candida, the fungus which normally resides in the vagina and many other microorganisms exists with each other in order to maintain stability. However, when the vagina has been exposed to unfavorable conditions, an imbalance will occur and increase in the number of Candida albicans will take place leading to a yeast infection.
Sufferers also comprise of women who already have undergone menopausal stage for the reason that they have higher risks of acquiring the infection due to declining estrogen levels, which thin the vaginal walls. If the physical exam and lab tests reveal the presence of candidiasis, health care professionals will prescribe medication to destroy the fungus causing the problem. This may include vaginal suppositories, tablets, creams or gel applications. The latter medication may be somewhat messy that the patient may need to wear a panty liner or a sanitary napkin during treatment. Course of treatment on pregnant and diabetic women may be more complex and may take longer, taking to consideration their medical condition.
Since Candida species are frequently part of the human body's normal flora, treatment with antibiotics can lead to the reduction of the yeast's natural competitors for resources heightening the severity of the condition thus yeast infection is commonly treated with antifungal drugs. These drugs are medication used to treat fungal infections where Candida is one type. Topical drugs include: clotrimazole, nystatin, fluconazole and ketoconazole. Antifungals work by making use of the distinction between the human cells and fungal cells to kill the fungal organism without hazardous effects on the host.
It is reported that a one-time dose of Diflucan (fluconazole) as prescribed to be taken orally has been reported to significantly treat a vaginal yeast infection and is only available with prescription. Another anti-fungal prescription drug-Nystatin has been reportedly effective in the prevention and treatment of vaginal yeast infection. Nystatin may be safely given orally as well as applied topically due to its minimal absorption Recommended length of treatment is 14 days and could be longer depending on the gravity of the infection. In hospitalized patients where infection has become severe, amphotericin B, caspofungin, or voriconazole may be used.
Recurring infections may be treatable with other anti-fungal drugs, a different generic to counter the effect of the previously taken drug. Homeopathy, another form of treatment of yeast infection is becoming popular due to its high efficacy rate. Homeopathy treats the patients with heavily diluted preparations eradicating the root cause of yeast infection. Yeastrol, an over-the-counter drug under this kind is said to provide complete cure to both men and women and effective for mild to severe cases. Symptomatic relief is experienced within first 3 weeks of continued use.
When treating yeast infections with medication, there is no such thing as speedy recovery, symptoms aren't resolved within a few days only and treatments are utilized at least twice to finally find the most effective drug and regimen.